- The Challenges and the Breakthroughs of Stem cells -
Treatments with Stem cells need to be specific when the medical practitioners are applying it on patients; in fact it requires specialist and not just any medical practitioner, there are few experts who really know all it takes to treat patients via this specialize medication, and thus there are many things to be considered when you are looking for the real treatment from stem cells medication.
This article is poised to enable you realized the basic danger in wrong application of stem cells therapy and to help you realized how and what are the vast opportunities available for treatment from stem cells.
Stem cells have tremendous promise to help us understand and treat a range of diseases, injuries and other health-related conditions. Their potential is evident in the use of blood stem cells to treat diseases of the blood, a therapy that has saved the lives of thousands of children with leukemia; and can be seen in the use of stem cells for tissue grafts to treat diseases or injury to the bone, skin and surface of the eye. Important clinical trials involving stem cells are underway for many other conditions and researchers continue to explore new avenues using stem cells in medicine.
But yet when they are applied wrongly it can be very dangerous to one’s health either in future or immediate.
- Complications may create new short- and long-term health problems, and/or may make your condition or symptoms more difficult to manage
- Receipt of one unproven or experimental treatment may make you ineligible for future clinical trials or treatment options
- The possible short- and long-term side effects of a stem cell transplant depend on the type of transplant and vary from person to person.
- The chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy given before stem cell transplantation and anti-rejection drugs that help prevent a patient’s body from rejecting donated stem cells weaken the immune system, increasing the risk of infection.
- People who have a transplant that uses stem cells from another person are at risk of developing graft-versus-host disease, a potentially harmful side effect.
- It is important to tell your health care team about any side effects you experience after the procedure or any changes in symptoms so they can be managed.
Stem cell transplant is also referring as a bone marrow transplant which is an effective treatment for types of cancer; bone marrow transplant can cause a number of different side effects. The type and intensity of these side effects vary from person to person and depend on the kind of transplant performed, the person's overall health, and other factors. There are health care teams to work with you to prevent side effects or manage any that occur. This is called palliative or supportive care and is an important part of your overall treatment plan. The two most serious side effects of stem cell transplantation are infection and graft-versus-host disease.
Furthermore, the amount, type, and severity of side effects depend on the patient’s health, the amount of previous treatment, and the type of transplant received. These side effects can usually be managed through medication and may go away over time. However, there is a risk of some permanent side effects from a stem cell transplant, such as infertility and cataracts. Talk with your doctors about the possible short-term and long-term effects you may experience before having a transplant.
Types of Stem Cells
The two main stem cells types are embryonic stem cells (ES) cells and adult stem cells (i.e., somatic stem cells). Other types, such as induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), are produced in the lab by reprogramming adult cells to express ES characteristics.
- (ES) cells are isolated from the inner cell mass of blastocysts of preimplantation-stage embryos. These cells require specific signals to differentiate to the desired cell type; if simply injected directly, they will differentiate into many different types of cells, resulting in a tumor derived from this abnormal pluripotent cell development (a teratoma). The directed differentiation of ES cells and avoidance of transplant rejection are just two of the hurdles that ES cell researchers still face.
Secondly, when used the patient’s own cells or other’s blood cells that have cancer in their cells can also be disastrous, because the cells that contains cancer will surely not produce any positive result; rather the cells will further endanger the patient system by adding problem, instead of healing. That is why the experts must first run series of tests includes scanning of the blood system for possible presence of unexpected diseases that could cause reactions and cancer or many others as such in the cells before transplant.
Also, it is very important to scan stem cells for various diseases before banking or transplant. The better side of it is if blood or tissue is free from inherent cancer and the like’s diseases; such person’s stem cells can heal other people who are ill.
The Good Side of Stem Cells
The Good Side of Stem Cells is enormous and especially for its potential to reverse diseases.
The major characteristics of stem cells are the ability to differentiate into specialized cells and in order to reverse disease in tissues or blood cells; it is used to strengthen diseased cells to regain its freedom from disease in blood cells and organs of the body. It has been used for successful treatment of Parkinson, heart attack, genetic defects, burn victims have also benefited from the valuable opportunities of the specialized medications:
Heart Attack: a patient who is suffering a heart attack and sustained heart damaged could have their damaged tissues replaced by development of new muscle cells within that same organs or cells body.
Parkinson’s disease patients have also regains reversed damaged brain cells by application of stem cells treatment on them.
Genetic defects – patients with genetic defect from birth have also being restored with the introduction of normal healthy cells that do not have the defects anymore.
Burn Victims - have gained new and healthy tissue with the application of tissue replacement therapies, similar to the type done via bone marrow transplants where stem cells create different specialized tissues.
More to come on this article soon.